Last edited by Temi
Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

3 edition of Rice cultivation and methane emission found in the catalog.

Rice cultivation and methane emission

Elaine Matthews

Rice cultivation and methane emission

documentation of distributed geographic data sets

by Elaine Matthews

  • 339 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Program, National Technical Information Service, distributor] in [Washington, DC], [Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Methane.,
  • Earth sciences.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementElaine Matthews, Jasmin John, Inez Fung.
    SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 104595., NASA technical memorandum -- 104595.
    ContributionsJohn, Jasmin., Fung, Inez., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Program.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14705343M

    A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic crops, most notably rice and originates from the Neolithic rice-farming cultures of the Yangtze River basin in southern China, associated with pre-Austronesian and Hmong-Mien cultures. It was spread in prehistoric times by the Austronesian expansion to Island Southeast Asia, Madagascar, Melanesia, Micronesia. Methane emission contribution from Indian livestock is the highest as compared to various other subsectors from agriculture, viz. rice cultivation and open burning of crop residue. The largest biogenic sources of CH 4 are enteric fermentation from ruminant animals and rice production.

    The effects of conversion from staple rice to forage rice on carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) balances in a paddy field were evaluated. A staple rice plot without the application of livestock manure compost (LMC, S − M plot) and forage rice plots with and without the application of LMC, derived mainly from cattle (2 kg−FW m−2, F + M and F − M plots, respectively), were by: 2. In conventional lowland irrigated rice cultivation, green house gas like methane emission is elevated than the aerobic situation. Under aerobic rice cultivation, researchers proved that methane emission has been reduced. Maintenance of soil structure is beneficial to non-rice crops in the rotation and timely sowing of succeeding crop after rice.

      Yan, X., Akiyama, H., Yagi, K. & Akimoto, H. Global estimations of the inventory and mitigation potential of methane emissions from rice cultivation conducted using the Intergovernmental Cited by: consumption of greenhouse gases (GHGs), viz. methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide. The major sources of emission of GHGs in the agriculture sector are enteric fermentation, rice cultivation, agricultural soils, manure management and on-field burning of crop residue. There are some indirect sources also like manufacturing.


Share this book
You might also like
́popée celtique dIrlande.

́popée celtique dIrlande.

Beauty makeover guide

Beauty makeover guide

Cinsel iliskiler tarihi

Cinsel iliskiler tarihi

Hydro-electric power plant

Hydro-electric power plant

Bad men

Bad men

The Long Revenge

The Long Revenge

Securities regulation.

Securities regulation.

The polar bear on the ice

The polar bear on the ice

Pseudo-linear systems

Pseudo-linear systems

Pre-test Self-assessment and Review

Pre-test Self-assessment and Review

Henri Nouwen

Henri Nouwen

The Bible ABCs

The Bible ABCs

Video modeling for young children with autism spectrum disorders

Video modeling for young children with autism spectrum disorders

Transformations and self discovery

Transformations and self discovery

Rice cultivation and methane emission by Elaine Matthews Download PDF EPUB FB2

Flooded rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivation has been identified as one of the leading global agricultural sources of anthropogenic methane (CH4) emissions. Furthermore, it has been estimated that global rice production is responsible for 11% of total anthropogenic CH4 emissions. Considering that CH4 has a global warming potential that is approximately 25 times more potent, on a mass basis, than Author: Alden D.

Smartt, Kristofor R. Brye, Richard J. Norman. Improved rice production, which involves improved soil, nutrient management, water use, and tillage practices if grows from 41 million hectares to million hectares over thirty years, another gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced.

Farmers could realize $ billion in lifetime net profits and $ billion in lifetime operational. Methane Emissions from Major Rice first part documents a comprehensive overview of the results achieved from an interregional research effort to quantify methane emission from major rice ecosystems and to identify efficient mitigation options.

This research report broadens understanding of the contribution of rice cultivation to methane Cited by: Reduction of methane from rice agriculture to control global warming comes with tradeoffs with increased nitrous oxide emissions. High Spatial Resolution Maps of Emissions Produced.

Maps of methane and nitrous oxide emissions at a resolution of 5 min × 5 min have been produced based on the composite results of this research. Estimation of Methane Emission from Rice Cultivation in Korea Article in Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A 38(11) February with 65 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

As rice cultivation is done in continuous flooding of the rice field, anaerobic conditions are created in soil that reduced methane oxidation potential of soil and increased methane formation.

This result was consistent with CH 4 emission from rice field with continuous flooding (Oo et al., ). Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production (rice, million tonnes in ), after sugarcane ( billion tonnes) and maize (1 Bangladesh: "Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas and is estimated to be responsible for approximately one-fifth of man-made global warming.

Per kilogram, it is 25 times more powerful than carbon dioxide over a year time horizon -- and global warming is likely to enhance methane release from a number of sources.

Current natural and man-made sources include many where methane-producing micro-organisms 5/5(2). Rice is an essential crop in Ghana. Several aspects of rice have been studied to increase its production; however, the environmental aspects, including impact on climate change, have not been studied well.

There is therefore a gap in knowledge, and hence the need for continuous research. By accessing academic portals, such as Springer Open, InTech Open, Elsevier, and the Kwame Nkrumah Cited by: 5.

Methane Emissions from Major Rice Ecosystems in Asia part documents a comprehensive overview of the results achieved from an interregional research effort to quantify methane emission from major rice ecosystems and to identify efficient mitigation options. This research report broadens understanding of the contribution of rice cultivation.

Get this from a library. Rice cultivation and methane emission: documentation of distributed geographic data sets. [Elaine Matthews; Jasmin John; Inez Fung; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Program.].

Abstract. Rice fields are a major source of atmospheric methane (CH 4), a greenhouse 4 emissions from wetland rice fields represents globally 15–20% of the annual anthropogenic CH 4 emissions, and about 4% of the global CH 4 emissions.

Methane emission from rice cultivation may increase from the level of 97 Tg/year to Tg/year by due to the increase in acreage and Author: N. Singh, D. Patel, G. Khalekar. Methane from wetland (paddy) rice cultivation accounts for about 2 percent of anthropogenic methane emissions in the United States, and production is confined to a few regions of the country.

Globally, however, rice cultivation is responsible for approximately 10 percent of total emissions. Solution Summary* Rice is the staple food of 3 billion people, providing one-fifth of calories consumed worldwide.

Its cultivation is responsible for at least 10 percent of agricultural greenhouse gas emissions and 9 to 19 percent of global methane emissions. Methane emission mitigation from the rice paddy field mainly attempts to regulate the waterlogging period of the field over the whole rice cultivation process (Johnson et al., ; Uprety et al.

Remote sensing based estimates of methane emission from summer paddy rice cultivation in Udham Singh Nagar District in Uttarakhand, India. Abstract Agricultural activities are associated with the emission of greenhouse gasses, notably methane (CH 4) which.

Methane Emission Factors for Rice Production in the Mekong River Delta This is an info note elaborating on a study of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) conducted by Vo et al.

() on methane emission from rice cultivation in different agro. Rice cultivation during four planting seasons by using cultivation system improvements, especially in the management provision of water and fertilizer, other than increasing rice production can also reduce methane emission which is often rumored as a cause of global warming.

Efforts to reduce methane emission from paddy fields must be done because of the impact of ecological damage caused by. This study presents the contribution of Philippine rice cultivation to global methane emission and breakthroughs in methane emission studies in the country which address the issue of mitigation.

Using the derived emission factors from local measurements, rice cultivation contributes Gg of methane emission in the Philippines. World rice production especially in Southeast Asia and tropical Asia is highly vulnerable to climate change.

Rice production systems contribute to global climate change through emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2), methane (CH 4), and N 2 O gases to the atmosphere and simultaneously are affected by the changed climatic variables.

Rice is the major cereal crop for more than half of the world’s Cited by: 3. Yao Huang, R. and F. M. Fisher () Methane Emissions from Texas rice paddy soils: 1. Quantitative multi-year dependence of CH4 emission on soil, cultivar and grain yield, Global Change Biology, 3, Methane emission is a passive transfer through the aerenchyma and micropores located on rice leaves 〚〛.

Methane emission varies with rice varieties 〚1〛 probably because of morphological differences in the aerenchyma 〚27〛 and root porosity 〚〛. At the beginning of the crop cycle, when rice plants are little developed, bubble Cited by:   The amount of CH 4 emissions increased approximately times in a span of 10 years (–), reaching a total emission value of Gg/Y by An increase of Cited by: 3.